EDF Energy


EDF Energy Review

Our Verdict

In our experience, EDF Energy operates a professional, reliable and consistent service when it comes to handling new customer energy supply applications.

We like the transparency of their pricing.

From late 2012 EDF Energy withdrew exit penalties from their tariffs. Unfortunately, due to the pressure of competition and the rate of energy switching in the market, exit penalties have come back on a number of their tariffs. As this is now a feature of most fixed term tariffs in the market, this is not something that we can hold against them.

It probably goes without saying, but is worth pointing out nevertheless that, given the financial strength of the group, there is negligible financial risk to being on supply with EDF Energy.

We have awarded EDF Energy a 4 star service rating (from 5) and are happy to recommend them to customers.

Company Description

EDF Energy is commonly referred to as one of the Big 6 energy suppliers supplying the domestic energy market. However, its operations extend well beyond just energy supply.

Although the supply business was incorporated back in 1988, the origins of the current UK group date back in the early 2000’s when it was established through a series of mergers and acquisitions that brought together the assets of several energy businesses – London Electricity, SEEBOARD, SWEB Energy and the former Virgin Energy.

Today EDF Energy in the UK is involved in the supply of gas and electricity to commercial, residential and industrial customers and the generation of electricity through a portfolio of generation assets including nuclear, coal, gas and renewable generation.

In generation it owns and operates one gas fired power station (West Burton B CCGT), 2 coal fired power stations (Cottam, West Burton A) and 8 nuclear power stations (Dungeness B, Hartlepool, Heysham 1, Heysham 2, Hinckley Point B, Hunterston B, Sizewell B and Torness). Seven of these are Advanced Gas-Cooled Reactors (AGCRs) and the eight is a Pressurised Water Reactor (PWR).

The company operates 2 gas storage facilities in Cheshire.

EDF Energy is also active in renewable generation. It currently operates 31 wind farm sites and has more coming on stream over the next few years.

In the supply business, EDF Energy had 3.3 million electricity customer accounts and 2.0 million gas customer accounts at the end of 2015. This was a slight fall in customers on 2014.

Going forwards EDF Energy, in partnership with China General Nuclear Corporation, is planning to build new nuclear reactors at Hinckley Point in Somerset, and to work together towards developing proposals for nuclear plants at Sizewell in Suffolk and Hinckley Point in Essex. EDF Energy is also proposing to develop a gas power station at Sutton Bridge.

EDF Energy in the UK is part of the Electricite de France SA group, one of the largest diversified energy companies in the world. At end 2015, the group had net assets of 279 billion Euros.

More about EDF Energy

EDF Energy offers gas only, electricity only and dual fuel tariffs.

EDF Energy offers tariffs for prepayment meter customers.

EDF Energy is signed up to the Warm Home Discount Scheme.

EDF Energy is signed up to the Energy Switch Guarantee.


Service Rating

EDF Energy service rating on TheEnergyShop.com

In our review, we award EDF Energy 4 Stars (from 5). This is based on the proportion of switches undertaken on the platform of our energy switching partner TheEnergyShop.com that complete successfully first time around. Using our website, 91-95% of customers can expect their switch complete successfully without any glitches.

EDF Energy has always been one of the most consistently highest rated suppliers in terms of proportion of switches that complete successfully. We believe this is down to consistency and reliability in the order processing. We are therefore happy to recommend EDF Energy to our customers if the comparison shows that the tariff is right for them.

We are aware that EDF Energy does not score well across all review sites. Therefore, before deciding to switch to EDF Energy we suggest you do sufficient research to reassure yourself about this energy supplier.

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Fuel Mix Disclosure

All suppliers, including EDF Energy, are required to provide information about the mix of fuels they use to generate the electricity they supply to their customers. They also need to disclose the environmental impact of this fuel mix.

This information is known as the Fuel Mix Disclosure and is published annually.

The table below shows the EDF Energy Fuel Mix Disclosure for the period 1 April 2016 to 31 March 2017.

Energy SourceEDF EnergyUK Average
Source: EDF Energy
Coal5.7%8.5%
Natural gas8.4%44.1%
Nuclear76.9%21.0%
Renewables8.8%24.2%
Other fuels0.3%2.2%
CO2 emissions (g/kWh)84249
High-level radioactive waste (g/kWh)0.00540.007

Compared to the UK average, EDF Energy has a much higher proportion of energy generated from nuclear – it is also a significant generator of nuclear power – and consequently a much lower proportion generated from natural gas and renewables. It’s CO2 are well below the UK average largely due to low CO2 emissions from nuclear power.

You can view EDF Energy Fuel Mix Disclosure for earlier years here.

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Company Structure

The company that supplies energy to domestic and business customers in the UK is EDF Energy Customers Limited.

EDF Energy Customers Limited is a wholly owned subsidiary of EDF Energy Holdings Limited (the investment being held through another company called EDF Energy Investments).

Ultimately EDF is owned by Electricite de France SA, a company incorporated in France, which is the ultimate parent company and also the Group Company under which all EDF Energy business activities are consolidated.

It is worth noting that all these Companies are substantial multi-billion dollar businesses in their own right. Here we present an overview of the supply business (EDF Energy Customers Plc) and the UK Group company (EDF Energy Holdings Limited).

Company NameEDF ENERGY CUSTOMERS Limited
Source: Companies House
Company Number02228297
Registered Office Address90 Whitfield Street, London, England,
W1T 4EZ
Date of incorporation8 March 1988
Directors (5)BIGOIS, Beatrice
FORTUNE, Dawn
HUGHES, Richard Tudor
JACOB, Katherine Rebecca
POOLE, James Nicholas
Company SecretarySOUTO, Joe

EDF ENERGY HOLDINGS LIMITED
The principal activity of this company and its subsidiaries is the supply of gas and electricity to commercial, residential and industrial customers and the generation of electricity through a portfolio of generation assets including nuclear, coal, gas and renewable generation. The group is also involved in the build of new nuclear power stations.

Company NameEDF ENERGY HOLDINGS LIMITED
Source: Companies House
Company Number06930266
Registered Office Address90 Whitfield Street, London, England,
W1T 4EZ
Date of incorporation10 June 2009
Directors (11)CARVAL, Christophe
GIRRE, Xavier Rene Louise
GUYLER, Robert
LACOUR, Veronique
LAFONTAINE, Henri Joseph Clement
LÉVY, Jean-Bernard
MATTHEWS, Colin Stephen
MINIERE, Dominique Christophe
ROSSI, Simone
TODOROV, Pierre Christian
URSAT, Xavier Bernard Yves
Company SecretarySANTI, Guido

Financials

In this section we briefly review the published financial results for EDF Energy Customers Limited and EDF Holdings Limited.

The tables below provide a summary of the financial statements for the last 3 years.

From the statements it is clear that the Company makes no money from the supply of gas and electricity, despite all the criticism it gets about profiteering from politicians and supposed “consumer” experts. Operating profit margins have been close to zero if not negative and indeed, in 2017, EDF Energy Customers Limited raised £990 million from existing shareholders to wipe out the accumulated deficit of almost £1 billion on its balance sheet.

Year ended 31 December20152016
2017
Source: Companies House
Customer accounts (millions)5.35.25.16
Income statement (£m)
Revenue6,3735,9716,042
Gross margin547.1619.1684.8
Gross margin (%)8.6%10.4%11.3%
Operating profit (loss)(137.9)(19.9)48.5
Operating profit (%)-2.2%-0.3%0.8%
Profit before tax(129.0)(98.0)(34.0)
Balance Sheet (£m)
Non current assets537546609
Net current assets(1,152)(1,367)(308)
Non current liabilities(223)(240)(283)
Net assets(839)(1,061)19
Capital and Reserves (£m)
Share capital10101,000
Profit and loss account(848)(1,070)(981)
Shareholders Funds(839)(1,061)19

Even at the holding company level, while operating margins are healthier, the pretax profit record is both volatile and patchy with the Holding company swinging from profits to losses on a regular basis. This reflects the underlying volatility of the energy business. Nevertheless, the group has SUCH massive asset backing, both in the UK and internationally, that there is negligible financial risk to customers. In the UK alone EDF has assets of over £18 billion.

Year ended 31 December20152016
2017
Source: Companies House
Customer accounts domestic (millions)5.35.25.16
Income statement (£m)
Revenue8,4407,5887,520
Gross margin3,5753,2402,805
Gross margin (%)42.4%42.7%37.3%
Operating profit (loss)1,6241,399867
Operating profit (%)19.2%18.4%11.5%
Profit before tax(296)305(299)
Balance Sheet (£m)
Non current assets24,02726,13127,952
Net current assets2,7163,0582,363
Non current liabilities(9,856)(11,118)(11,840)
Net assets16,88718,07118,465
Capital and Reserves (£m)
Total equity16,88718,07118,465

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